Acne: Types, Causes and Treatments


Acne: Types, Causes and Treatments
Acne: Types, Causes and Treatments

Why am I getting acne even when I am not a teenager anymore???” Many of us ask this question, Right? It so because we always associate acne with adolescence. But the truth is that it is quite common to see acne persist into adulthood. In fact, it can occur in people of all ages.

Acne is something everyone wants to avoid if given a choice. In addition to uneven skin texture, it also contributes to emotional distress and scarring. However, acne is treatable with the right medication and treatments. It is always advisable to consult a professional expert, especially when acne is severe. In this article, you will get to know about what exactly is acne treatment, its types, causes available to get rid of it.

What is Acne?

Acne is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that causes spots and pimples, especially on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest, and upper arms. In other words, acne is also termed as the pores blocked by oil, bacteria and dead skin cells that develop into zits on the skin.

Acne commonly occurs during puberty, when the sebaceous glands activate, but as mentioned above it can occur at any age and time. The glands produce oil and are stimulated by the male hormones produced by the adrenal glands in both males and females.

Though not dangerous but acne tends to leave skin scars.


Types of Acne

Acne can be of two types: Inflammatory and Non- Inflammatory.

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Inflammatory Acne


A papule is a red/pink raised bump on the skin which is typically less than a centimetre round.


A pustule is a bump on the skin with a white or yellow pus-filled centre.


A nodule can be defined as a large, painful and inflamed lump. They are a result of broken tissues deep beneath the skin’s surface.


This is the most severe form of acne. A cyst is a large bump on the skin with a pus-filled centre. Cysts are known to cause scarring as they are situated deep within the layers of the skin.

Non- Inflammatory Acne


A whitehead as the name suggests is a tiny whitish bump on the skin.


A blackhead is a tiny, black coloured bump on the skin. They are just whiteheads that have opened.

Causes of Acne

There is not any particular reason for a person to develop acne. We may experience acne due to hormonal changes, stress, diet, genes, climatic conditions and in some cases, intake of certain medications like birth control pills or diets high in refined sugars and carbohydrates are also known to cause acne.

Treatments available to get rid of Acne

Medical Procedures: Under medical procedures, we have Laser Therapy and Light Treatments, Chemical peels which act as an exfoliator, microdermabrasion which is used to remove dead skin cells and renew the texture and skin tone. In some cases, antibiotics are also used to treat acne.

Over The Counter Medications: Certain medicines which are considered to be successful in treating the problem of acne are benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, azelaic acid, etc. But these medicines should strictly be taken only after consulting the doctor as they are known to have certain side effects.

Home Remedies To Treat Acne: Though it is always advisable to get acne treated by a professional, however, using home remedies seems to be an economical approach and many home remedies have traditionally been used by people.

I hope the above article has helped you in getting an insight into acne and problems associated with it. By undertaking proper steps acne can be treated effectively.

At Skin Decor, we offer Dr Monica Chahar’s signature ACNE CLEAR therapy which is known to deliver best in class results in getting rid of acne. You also get some customised treatments as per the needs of your skin and the depth of your problem.

Do pay a visit at our Skin Decor (Skin, Laser & Hair clinic) located in Dwarka, New Delhi and Dr Monica Chahar will surely guide you in getting that crystal clear acne-free skin:)

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